|American Medical Association (AMA) – Policy, H-475.986 Surgical Assistants other than Licensed Physicians Our AMA:(1) affirms that only licensed physicians with appropriate education, training, experience and demonstrated current competence should perform surgical procedures;(2) recognizes that the responsible surgeon may delegate the performance of part of a given operation to surgical assistants, provided the surgeon is an active participant throughout the essential part of the operation.Given the nature of the surgical assistant’s role and the potential of risk to the public, it is appropriate to ensure that qualified personnel accomplish this function; (3) policy related to surgical assistants, consistent with the American College of Surgeons’ Statements on Principles states:(a) The surgical assistant is limited to performing specific functions as defined in the medical staff bylaws, rules and regulations. These generally include the following tasks: aid in maintaining adequate exposure in the operating field, cutting suture materials, clamping and ligating bleeding vessels, and, in selected instances, actually performing designated parts of a procedure.(b) It is the surgeon’s responsibility to designate the individual most appropriate for this purpose within the bylaws of the medical staff. The first assistant to the surgeon during a surgical operation should be a credentialed health care professional, preferably a physician, who is capable of participating in the operation, actively assisting the surgeon.
(c) Practice privileges of individuals acting as surgical assistants should be based upon verified credentials and the supervising physician’s capability and competence to supervise such an assistant. Such privileges should be reviewed and approved by the institution’s medical staff credentialing committee and should be within the defined limits of state law. Specifically, surgical assistants must make formal application to the institution’s medical staff to function as a surgical assistant under a surgeon’s supervision. During the credentialing and privileging of surgical assistants, the medical staff will review and make decisions on the individual’s qualifications, experience, credentials, licensure, liability coverage and current competence.
(d) If a complex surgical procedure requires that the assistant have the skills of a surgeon, the surgical assistant must be a licensed surgeon fully qualified in the specialty area. If a complication requires the skills of a specialty surgeon, or the surgical first assistant is expected to take over the surgery, the surgical first assistant must be a licensed surgeon fully qualified in the specialty area.
(e) Ideally, the first assistant to the surgeon at the operating table should be a qualified surgeon or resident in an education program that is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and/or the American Osteopathic Association (AOA). Other appropriately credentialed physicians who are experienced in assisting the responsible surgeon may participate when a trained surgeon or a resident in an accredited program is not available. The AMA recognizes that attainment of this ideal in all surgical care settings may not be practicable. In some circumstances it is necessary to utilize appropriately trained and credentialed unlicensed physicians and non-physicians to serve as first assistants to qualified surgeons (emphasis added). (BOT Rep. 32, A-99; Reaffirmed: Res. 240, 708, and Reaffirmation A-00)